Brad Rakerd

Professor Emeritus

Department of Communicative Sciences and Disorders

Michigan State University

Contact Information

Education

  • A.B., Brown University

  • M.A., University of Pennsylvania

  • Ph.D., University of Connecticut

Research Interests

  • Spatial hearing

  • Speech acoustics and perception

  • Hearing Impairment and cognitive effort

  • Oral history – best practices

Recent Teaching

  • Introduction to Communication Sciences and Disorders

  • Fundamentals of Hearing

  • Speech Science

Publications (Recent & Selected)

Dsouza, H., Van Schyndel, A., Pastrana, J., Cao, Y., Hunter, E., Rakerd, B., and Sepulveda, N. (2020). Ferroelectret nanogenerators for loudspeaker applications: A comprehensive study. Journal of Sound and Vibration. PDF

Rakerd, B., Hunter, E.J., and LaPine, P. (2019). Resonance effects and the vocalization of speech. Perspectives of the ASHA Special Interest Groups. PDF

Punch, J.P., and Rakerd, B. (2018). Evaluation of a protocol for integrated speech audiometry. American Journal of Audiology. PDF

Rakerd, B., Hunter, E.J., Berardi, B.S., and Bottalico, P.B. (2018). Assessing the acoustic characteristics of rooms: A tutorial with examples. Perspectives of the ASHA Special Interest Groups. PDF

Macaulay, E.J., Rakerd, B., Andrews, T.J., and Hartmann, W.M. (2017). On the localization of high-frequency, sinusoidally amplitude-modulated tones in free field. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America.

Hartmann, W.M., Rakerd, B., Crawford, Z.D., and Zhang, P.X. (2016). Transaural experiments and a revised duplex theory for the localization of low-frequency tones. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. PDF

Cai, T., Rakerd, B., and Hartmann, W.M. (2015). Computing interaural differences through finite element modeling of idealized human heads. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. PDF

Rakerd, B. (2013). On making oral histories more accessible to persons with hearing loss. The Oral History Review. PDF

Boyd, D., Cohen, S., Rakerd, B., and Rehberger, D. (Eds.). (2012). Oral History in the Digital Age. (Washington, D.C.: Institute of Library and Museum Services). http://ohda.matrix.msu.edu/

Rakerd, B. (2012). Microphones and Room Effects: Audio Exemplars and Some Recommendations for Enhancing the Quality of Oral History Recordings. OHDA Essay

Rakerd, B. (2012). Speech in Quiet and Speech in Noise. OHDA Essay

Rakerd, B., and Plichta, B. (2010). More on Michigan Listeners’ Perceptions of /a/-Fronting. American Speech, 85, 431-449. PDF

Rakerd, B., and Hartmann, W.M. (2010). Localization of sound in rooms, V: Binaural coherence and human sensitivity to interaural time differences in noise. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America.

Macaulay, E., Hartmann, W.M., and Rakerd, B. (2010). The acoustical bright spot and mislocalization of tones by human listeners. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. PDF

Aaronson, N.L., Rakerd, B., and Hartmann, W.M. (2009). Release from speech-on-speech masking in a front-back geometry. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America.

Plichta, B., Preston, D., and Rakerd, B. (2007). Its too hat in here? The perception of NCS /a/-fronting. Linguistica Atlantica.

Rakerd, B., Aaronson, N., Hartmann, W.M. (2006). Release from speech-on-speech masking by adding a delayed masker at a different location, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America.

Amlani, A., Rakerd, B., Punch, J. (2006). Speech-clarity judgments of hearing aid processed speech in noise: Differing polar patterns and acoustic environments, International Journal of Audiology.

Rakerd, B., Rehberger, D. (2005). Speech on the Internet: A new educational resource and a cautionary note. International Journal of Technology, Knowledge, and Society.

Hartmann, W.M., Rakerd, B., Koller, A. (2005). Binaural coherence in rooms, Acta Acustica with Acustica.

Punch J, Joseph, A., Rakerd B. (2004). Most comfortable and uncomfortable loudness levels: Six decades of research, American Journal of Audiology.

Punch J, Rakerd B, Joseph A (2004). Effects of test order on most comfortable and uncomfortable loudness levels for speech., American Journal of Audiology.

Punch, J., Rakerd, B., & Amlani, A.M. (2001). Paired-comparison hearing aid preferences, Journal of the American Academy of Audiology.

Rakerd, B., Hartmann, W.M., & Hsu, J. (2000). Echo suppression in the horizontal and median sagittal planes. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America.

Rakerd, B., Seitz, P.F., and Whearty, M. (1996). Assessing the cognitive demands of speech listening for people with hearing losses. Ear and Hearing.

Rakerd, B. and Hartmann, W.M. (1986). Localization of sound in rooms, III: Onset and duration effects. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America.

Rakerd, B. and Hartmann, W.M. (1985). Localization of sound in rooms, II: Effects of a single reflecting surface. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America.

Recent Presentations

Hartmann, W.M., Rakerd, B., Shore, A., and Kassis, J. Duplex theory and human localization of 1000-Hz tones. Acoustical Society of America, San Diego, CA, December, 2019.

Shore, A., Rakerd, B., and Hartmann, W.M. Perceptual squelch of room effect in listening to speech. Acoustical Society of America, Louisville, KY, May, 2019.

Rakerd, B., and Punch, J. An integrated protocol for speech audiometry. Michigan Speech-Language-Hearing Association, East Lansing, MI, March, 2019.

Punch, J.P., and Rakerd, B. Simplifying speech audiometry. American Academy of Audiology, Nashville, TN, April, 2018.

Jakubik, N., Wu, J., Graetzer, S., Bottalico, P., Rakerd, B., and Hunter, E. Acoustic characteristics of CSD clinical rooms and the virtual classroom at Michigan State University. Michigan Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Grand Rapids, MI, April, 2016.

Wu, J., Jakubik, N., Graetzer, S., Bottalico, P., Rakerd, B., and Hunter, E. Acoustic characteristics of CSD research laboratories and recording environments at Michigan State University. Michigan Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Grand Rapids, MI, April, 2016.

Shore, A., Hartmann, W.M., Rakerd, B., Ellis, G.M., and Zahorik, P. Squelch of room effects in everyday conversation. Acoustical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT, May, 2016.

Rakerd, B., Macaulay, E.J., and Hartmann, W.M. Interaural time and level interaction under free-field conditions. Acoustical Society of America, Jacksonville, FL, November, 2015.

Rakerd, B., and Hartmann, W.M. Paired real and virtual tone presentation indicates the importance of interaural level differences in localization. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Orlando, FL, November, 2014.

Cai, T., Rakerd, B., and Hartmann, W.M. Computing interaural differences using idealized head models. Acoustical Society of America, Indianapolis, IN, October, 2014.

Rakerd, B., Crawford, Z.D., and Hartmann, W.M. The role of interaural level differences in the localization of low-frequency sine tones. Acoustical Society of America, Providence, RI, May, 2014.

Shrivastav, R., Skowronski, M., Kopf, L.M., and Rakerd, B. Acoustic characteristics of the Lombard effect from talkers with Parkinson’s disease. Acoustical Society of America, Providence, RI, May, 2014.

Hartmann, W.M., and Rakerd, B. Localizing low-frequency sounds in a room and the dominance of interaural level differences. Acoustical Society of America, Providence, RI, May, 2014.

Kopf, L., Shrivastav, R., & Rakerd, B. Room acoustics and speech intelligibility in speakers with Parkinson’s disease. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Kalamazoo, MI, March, 2014.